Futureproofing inter-island transportation in Indonesia


Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelagic state with 17,508 islands of which 6,000 are inhabited. This makes the sea transportation part of people’s everyday live. Furthermore, fishing is extremely important for Indonesia with around 6.4 million people being engaged in fishing activities. Most of these people are working under harsh conditions with vessels not completely fit for purpose.

Similarly, small vessels are heavily utilised for island transportation, where the same factors; including safety culture, training, inappropriate vessel design, and lack of understanding of the operational conditions may lead to bigger catastrophes with higher number of fatalities. Therefore, this project aims to develop new vessel concept designs by considering the human element with the aim to improve performance of the vessels and wellbeing of crew, hence improving the safety, efficiency of operations and environmental protection. When this combines with the absence of safety culture and low education levels amongst fishermen the condition becomes even worse. This has a significant negative impact on the safety and it is well known fact that the most of maritime accidents occur in fishing vessels globally and many lives are lost every year. This is not an unexpected consequence as these vessels are built based on traditional practices and the current advances in knowledge and the relevant regulations are not always implemented in design, construction and operations.

Through understanding the unique needs of the Country and developing sustainable, safe and efficient designs, the capacity of sea trade can be increased, hence, current economical and living conditions of people can be enhanced. This project brings together two reputable research institutions to achieve design of safer and more efficient vessels with renewable and locally available row material, bamboo, in Indonesia.

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Project Outcomes

Gap analysis, which defines the needs and requirements for different stakeholders including the findings of field studies and defining initial design specifications.

Identification of renewable raw materials, such as bamboo, and the development of improved construction framework.

Optimum hull design considering structural and hydrodynamic performance through numerical and experimental investigations.

Operability assessment of the new design based on the local requirements and safety regulations including human factor considerations.

Life cycle assessment of the new design including the end-of-life strategies.

Dissemination related activities, including workshops, meetings and public engagement events.

Providing practical information for operation about loading conditions, stability and vessel behaviour.

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